Cameroon or Republic of Cameroon, is a country in Central Africa, located between Nigeria to the north-northwest, Chad to the north-northeast, the Central African Republic to the east, the Republic of Congo to the southeast , Gabon to the south, Equatorial Guinea to the southwest and the Gulf of Guinea to the southwest. The official languages are French and English for a country which has a multitude of local languages.
The population of Cameroon is estimated in 2015 at 20,000,000 inhabitants. At the time of the country’s independence in 1960, Cameroon had just over 5,000,000 inhabitants.
In 2001, 6 cities exceeded the threshold of 200,000 inhabitants : Douala (the economic capital, 1.5 million inhabitants in 2001), Yaoundé (the political capital and seat of institutions, approximately 1.25 million inhabitants in 2001 ), Garoua (approximately 357,000 inhabitants in 2001), Bamenda (approximately 316,000 inhabitants in 2001), Maroua (approximately 272,000 inhabitants in 2001) and Bafoussam (approximately 242,000 inhabitants in 2001).
The working population was divided in 2010 between primary (19.7%), industrial (31.4%) and tertiary (48.9%) sectors. The cotton sector has gained momentum, even if on the world market, the price of the pound of fiber, in 2015 was around 0.70 US dollar, relatively low compared to the peak of 2 US dollars per pound that it reached in 2011. The country is in fifth place among the top seven African cotton producers in the mid-2010s.
Cameroon’s economy is the most diverse in Central Africa, due to numerous foreign establishments but also to many national groups. The country has a wide variety of activities, particularly in the forestry and agricultural sectors (cash and food crops), hydrocarbons, the drinks industry, sugar refinery, oil mill, soap factory, flour mill, aluminum, cement, metallurgy, primary wood processing, etc.
The country has natural agricultural (bananas, cocoa, coffee, cotton, honey), forestry, mining (bauxite, iron, cobalt, nickel, manganese, diamond, marble) and petroleum resources.
In Cameroon, in cities like Douala, Yaoundé, Bafoussam, Garoua, the tertiary sector has developed considerably in recent years and has been strengthened by the advent of information and communication technologies. The sector contributed 46% to GDP in 2014.
For more discovering the country, INNOVATE Research & Marketing team put at your disposal a Desk research report covering several aspects of the life in Cameroon.
Download Cameroon Desk Research Report here.